Orwell: Animal farm – 14

HOW they toiled and sweated to get the hay in! But their efforts were rewarded, for the harvest was an even bigger success than they had hoped.

Sometimes the work was hard; the implements had been designed for human beings and not for animals, and it was a great drawback that no animal was able to use any tool that involved standing on his hind legs. But the pigs were so clever that they could think of a way round every difficulty. As for the horses, they knew every inch of the field, and in fact understood the business of mowing and raking far better than Jones and his men had ever done. The pigs did not actually work, but directed and supervised the others. With their superior knowledge it was natural that they should assume the leadership. Boxer and Clover would harness themselves to the cutter or the horse-rake (no bits or reins were needed in these days, of course) and tramp steadily round and round the field with a pig walking behind and calling out ‚Gee up, comrade!’ or ‚Whoa back, comrade!’ as the case might be. And every animal down to the humblest worked at turning the hay and gathering it. Even the ducks and hens toiled to and fro all day in the sun, carrying tiny wisps of hay in their beaks. In the end they finished the harvest in two days’ less time than it had usually taken Jones and his men. Moreover, it was the biggest harvest that the farm had ever seen. There was no wastage whatever; the hens and ducks with their sharp eyes had gathered up the very last stalk. And not an animal on the farm had stolen so much as a mouthful.


to toil trudzić się
to swear pocić się
to get in zbierać
effort wysiłek
to reward nagradzać
bigger większy
success sukces, powodzenie
than they had hoped niż mieli nadzieję, niż się spodziewali
Sometimes the work was hard czasami praca była ciężka
implement narzędzie
had been designed były zaprojektowane
drawback wada, minus
to be able to byc zdolnym do
to use używać
tool narzędzie
to involve wymagać
standing on his hind legs stanie na tylnich nogach
were so clever były tak sprytne
difficulty trudność
inch cal
business sprawa; biznes
to mow kosić
to rake grabić
actually w rzeczywistości, właściwie
to direct kierować
to supervise nadzorować, pilniować
superior lepszy
knowledge wiedza
leadership kierownictwo, stanowisko przywódcy
to assume brać na siebie
to harness zaprzęgać
rake grabie
bit wędzidło
rein lejce
to tramp brnąć, przemierzać
steadily stale, bacznie
case sprawa
humble skromny, pokorny
to gather zbierać, gromadzić
duck kaczka
hen kura
to and fro tam i z powrotem
all day in the sun cały dzien w słońcu
to carry nosić, dźwigać
tiny malutki, maleńki
wisp wiązka
beak dziób
in two days’ less time than it had usually taken Jones and his men dwa dni wcześniej niż zwykle zjmowało to Jonesowi i jego ludziom
Moreover ponadto, poza tym
wastage marnotrastwo
sharp ostry, bystry
to gather zbierać, gromadzić
stalk łodyga, szypułka
to steal (stolen) kraść
mouthful kęs